Hawl Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh bin Abdullah Al-Khatib 2017: “Lessons from the Life of Shaykh Umar”, Tazkirah Habib Murtada bin Tohir

Excerpts from the address of Habib Murtada bin Tohir at the Hawl of Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Abdullah al-Khatib on 29 January 2017:

Introduction

The person we are commemorating is Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Salim al-Khatib. May Allah reward him and preserve his family, and may Allah reward his parents for raising him in a manner most pleasing to Allah. And may the mercy of Allah descend upon us all as it is said:

عند ذكر الصالحين تنزل الرحمة

Allah’s mercy descends at the mention of the solihin (the pious).

Shaykh Umar’s Upbringing20170131_170942

Shaykh Umar (b. 1326H) was born and raised in the blessed city of Tarim, Hadramaut, a city known to cultivate and produce the ulama’ (scholars) of Islam as how trees are cultivated and produced from the planting of seeds in the ground.

Shaykh Umar’s parents were known to be religious and had taken great care to impart to Shaykh Umar and his siblings some of the most important things parents should be imparting to children in their most formative years – Islamic belief and good manners. In his early prepubescent  years, Shaykh Umar was under the personal tutelage of his parents and his uncle.

Thereafter, at the age of 9, Shaykh Umar was sent to memorise the Quran at Qubbah Abu Murayyam, a famous school for Quran memorisation in Tarim, wherein he had memorised the entire Quran in a short span of time. Following that, Shaykh Umar was enrolled in Rubat Tarim, the foremost Islamic studies seminary in Tarim, where he had shown exceptional ability and excelled in his studies, earning him the praise of his teachers and contemporaries.

He mastered the Islamic sciences of fiqh (Islamic law) and nahu (Arabic grammar) at a young age and his counsel in matters of religion was much sought after, even at an early age.

His Knowledge and Good Manners

It is said in some lines of poetry:

ما الفخــــر إلا لأهل العلم إنهم *** على الهدى لمن استهدى أدلاء
There is no pride (in anyone) except for the Ahl al-‘Ilm (People of Knowledge).
Verily, they guide whosoever seeks guidance

وقدر كل امرئ ما كان يحسنه *** والجاهـلون لأهل العـلم أعداء
and apportion to one in accordance to what is good for him.
As for the Jahilun (People of Ignorance); they are the ones who opposed the Ahl al-‘Ilm.

فـفـز بعلم تعش حيـا ً به أبــدا *** الناس موتى وأهل العلم أحياء
So strive in seeking knowledge for one lives on with it eternally,
for everyone dies whilst the Ahl al-‘Ilm live on.

Shaykh Umar held the outward appearance of an Ahl al-‘Ilm but beyond that, Shaykh Umar was also a symbol of tawadhu’ (humility) and husn al-khuluq (good manners). It is known that he fled the qudha’ (being appointed a seat in judiciary) as he did not want to be associated with authority and power (ed. he rejected worldly gains from sacred knowledge).

When we look back at the biographies of the people whose lives we have been commemorating these past few days – Habib Muhammad bin Salim al-Attas, Habib Nuh bin Muhammad al-Habshi, and now Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Abdullah al-Khatib – we see something in common in all of them; how they honoured others and beauty in the manner they interacted with people. We learn interpretation of the sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ in day to day dealings from their lives. It is well-known that Shaykh Umar mastered the outward fiqh but beyond that, he also mastered the inward fiqh and this was evident from the many anecdotes from Shaykh Umar’s life that have been related to us; people were drawn to him as he interacted with sincerity and love.

His Love for the Ahl Al-Bayt

Shaykh Umar was also known to have immense love for the Ahl al-Bayt (the members of the household of the Prophet ﷺ); his love of the Ahl al-Bayt gained him the love of his Lord and this love increased the blessings that have been bestowed upon Shaykh Umar.

Closing Supplications

We ask Allah to reward Shaykh Umar; place him in Jannah and increase him in blessings, and we ask that Allah gathers us with him in Jannah in the Hereafter. May Allah reward Shaykh Umar’s parents for raising him in a manner most pleasing to Him.

We also ask that Allah preserves the Habaib and Mashyaykh present with us in this blessed gathering.

And we ask Allah to preserve Shaykh Yahya and Shaykh Ali, the sons of Shaykh Umar, and the rest of his children and offspring.

May Allah benefit all of us through him and grant us a portion of his knowledge. Amin.

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Fawaid: Ratib Al-Fatihah of Imam Al-Haddad after Solah Fardh

ratib-fateha-imam-al-haddad-croppedRatib Al-Fatihah of Imam Al-Haddad after Solah Fardh

The following Ratib Al-Fatihah, composed by Imam Al-Haddad, is one of many versions recited in mosques in Singapore and elsewhere; after the regular wirid (remembrance) and doa (supplications) following the obligatory solah (prayers) before the closing doa:

We recite Surah Al-Fatihah with the hope: that Allah accepts our solah and our doa, that it be (a blessing) for the souls of our parents and yours, that it be (a blessing) upon our wealth and yours, that it be (a reason for forgiveness) upon our deceased (relatives), your deceased relatives, and upon all deceased Muslims generally; may Allah cloak them all with His rahmah (mercy) and maghfirah (forgiveness), and may He place them all in Jannah, and may He give us and give you a good ending (khusnul khotimah) in excellence, gentleness, and wholesome wellness, and upon the hadrah of our Prophet ﷺ… Al-Fatihah (recite Surah Al-Fatihah from start to end).

Habib Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tohir

The Lineage of the Great Imam and ‘Alim

He is al-Imam al-Habib `Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tahir bin Muhammad bin Hashim bin `Abd al-Rahman bin `Abdullah bin `Abd al-Rahman bin Muhammad Maghfun bin `Abd al-Rahman bin Ahmad bin `Alawi bin Ahmad bin `Abd al-Rahman bin `Alawi `Amm al-Faqih (the uncle of Sayyidina al-Faqih al-Muqaddam) bin Muhammad Sahib Mirbat bin `Ali Khali` Qasam bin `Alawi bin Muhammad Sahib al-Sawma`ah bin `Alawi bin `Ubaydullah bin al-Imam al-Muhajir il-Allah Ahmad bin ` Isa bin Muhammad al-Naqib bin `Ali al-`Uraydi bin Ja`far al-Sadiq bin Muhammad al-Baqir bin `Ali Zayn al-`Abidin bin Husayn al-Sibt bin `Ali bin Abi Talib and Fatimah al-Zahra’ the daughter of our Master Muhammad, the Seal of the Prophets ﷺ.

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His Birth and Upbringing

Habib `Abdullah was born in Tarim in 1191 [1]. His upbringing was distinct from the rest of his peers and he demonstrated aptitude even in his youth. As he grew up, he stood out in society as an exemplary personality and one who is rightly guided.

His Shaykhs

His teachers include Sayyid Hamid bin `Umar Al-Munfar and his son, Sayyid ‘Abd ar-Rahman and the two people of knowledge – ‘Alawi and ‘Umar, the sons of al-Habib Ahmad bin Hassan al-Haddad.

He travelled to Makkah and al-Madinah to study the religious sciences therein from al-Allamah ‘Aqil bin ‘Umar bin ‘Aqil bin Yahya, as-Sayyid ‘Ali al-Bayti, Shaykh ‘Umar bin ‘Abd ar-Rasul ‘Atar, and al-Allamah Ahmad bin ‘Alawi Jamalullayl.

His Shaykh of Futuh

The teacher from whom he received (divine) openings from was Habib `Umar bin Seggaf as-Seggaf.

The People Who Took Knowledge from Him

The people who took knowledge from him are numerous and they include the son of his sister al-Allamah al-Sayyid ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar bin Yahya, al-Allamah as-Sayyid ‘Abd ar-Rahman bin ‘Ali bin ‘Umar bin Seggaf as-Seggaf, al-Allamah as-Sayyid Muhammad bin Husayn bin ‘Abdullah Al-Habshi (Mufti of Makkah), al-Allamah as-Sayyid Muhsin bin ‘Alawi as-Seggaf, al-Allamah as-Sayyid Hamid bin ‘Umar as-Seggaf, ash-Shaykh ‘Abdullah bin Ahmad Ba’sawdan (the compiler of the famous Hadrah Basawdan), as-Shaykh al-Allamah ‘Abdullah bin Sa’id bin Sumair (author of the famous primer in Shafi’ Fiqh, Safinah an-Naja), al-Allamah as-Sayyid ‘Aydarus bin ‘Umar al-Habshi (the great Muhaddith of Hadramawt).

Some of the Things Mentioned about Him

His nephew, al-Sayyid ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar bin Yahya, said, “Gathered within him are the lofty states of all (righteous) people.” [2] Whenever the people of Madinah asked al-Sayyid ‘Abdullah about his uncle, Habib ‘Abdullah, he would say to them, “‘Abdullah bin Husayn (Habib ‘Abdullah) has filled himself with the munjiyaat (good qualities) and has rid himself of the muhlikaat (destructive traits).”

It is mentioned about gatherings with Habib Abdullah, “We do not know that we were still in this Dunya until the Son of Husayn (Habib ‘Abdullah) died.”

Habib ‘Ali Al-Habshi said, “If a katib (writer) writer had been tasked to take down the deeds of the Son of Husayn (Habib ‘Abdullah), he would not be able to do so as there were too many of them to enumerate .”

His daily wird was saying “Lā ilāha ill’Allāh” 25,000 times, “Yā Allāh” 25,000 times, and 25,000 prayers upon the Prophet ﷺ.

In spite of all his great works, he saw himself as a poor, sinful slave in desperate need of the mercy of his Lord and he would say:

يا رَبِّ ما مَعْنا عَمَلْ و كَسْبُنا كُلُهْ زَلَلْ

لَكِنْ لَنا فِيكْ أَمَلْ تُحْيِي العِظَامَ الرَّامَةْ

O Lord, we have no (good) actions and all that we have earned are wrongdoings

But in You we have hope which brings decayed bones to life

ياسميع الدعاء نسألك توبة صحيحة من جميع المعاصي والفعال القبيحة قبل كشف الغطاء بين الملا والفضيحة

O the One Who Hears Du’as (Allah), we ask You for valid tawbah (repentance) from all of disobedience and dreadful works before the veils are lifted between al-Mala and al-Fadhihah i.e. before one’s shame is revealed to others.

His Manners

Habib `Abdullah held immense respect for his older brother, Habib Tahir. In their childhood, he would never allow himself to defeat him in archery contests. He would always walk behind him and, in their house he would not go up to a higher storey if Habib Tahir was below. Only after his brother’s death in 1241, did he start teaching and calling to Allah openly.

His Works

Some of the books he wrote include:

  1. Sullam at-Tawfiq fi al-Fiqh
  2. Miftah al-‘Irab
  3. Al-Wasiah al-Kubra
  4. Tazkirah an-Nafs
  5. Tazkirah an-Nafs wa al-Ikhwan bi ayaati minal Quran wa al-Ahadith Sayyid Walad Adnan
  6. Rasail wa Wasoyah
  7. Faraid wa Faraid min Fathu Jamil al-‘Awaid
  8. Diwan al-Manzum
  9. Al-Majmu’ [3]

Many in Singapore and elsewhere in the South-East Asian region would be familiar with Habib ‘Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tohir poems, Yā Arḥam al-Rāḥimīn [4] and Hadiyat as-Sadiq [5]. The former is Habib ‘Abdullah’s plea to Allah to rectify the Muslims and their leaders, and reflects the turbulent time in which he lived; it is read in many gatherings in the region and can be found in the famous Hadrah Ba’sawdan compiled by his student, ash-Shaykh ‘Abdullah bin Ahmad Ba’sawdan. The latter is often read at the end of gatherings of knowledge.

His Passing

Habib `Abdullah passed on from this world on Wednesday night, 17th of Rabi’ Thani 1272. People came out in large numbers from different cities and villages to attend his funeral whilst chanting “Yā Allāh, Yā Allāh” in congregation. He was buried beside his elder brother, Habib Tohir bin Husayn bin Tohir, in the vicinity of Maselah Al Shaykh.

May Allah have mercy upon Habib ‘Abdullah and benefit us with his knowledge. Amin.


Footnotes:
[1] c. 1777AD
[2] al-Mashra’ ar-Rawi
[3] Habib Alawi bin Shihab used to say, “The Majmu’ of Habib Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tohir is the Ihya Ulumuddin of today.”
[4] Listen to Yā Arḥam al-Rāḥimīn here
[5] Listen to Hadiyat as-Sadiq here and here (1:34mins)


References:
Muwasala.org
http://alddaei.blogspot.in/

The Counsels of Habib Umar – 26 December 2016

A SUMMARY OF THE COUNSELS OF AL-HABIB UMAR AT THE DARUL MUSTAFA COURTYARD ON MONDAY, 26 DECEMBER 2016img-20161228-wa0057

  1. Preserve (your) prayers, including the congregational ones; resolve to observe these starting tonight
  2. Preserve (your) Witr prayers even it be just three (3) rakaats of it
  3. Observe your Dhuha prayers even with just two (2) rakaats
  4. Stay connected with one another and preserve ties of kinship with your family members
  5. Observe the rights of your neighbours
  6. Seek Allah’s pleasure through these deeds; perform them with do’as and calamities will be averted
  7. Do not let your days be devoid of charity. Acts of charity should be performed in the early hours of the day as it is more preferred (afdhal), and distances (you) from calamities and tragedies
  8. Start spreading love; love one another until love becomes prevalent within this ummah, and Allah brings our hearts together after they had been separated
  9. We must renew our repentance with truthfulness and sincerity

 : (من وصايا الحبيب عمر في محاضرة ساحة دار المصطفى، في مساء الإثنين الماضي (بتصرف

١- حافظوا على الصلوات، والجماعة في الصلوات، واعزموا على ذلك من الليلة هذه

٢- حافظوا على : النصيب من الوتر -ولو ثلاث ركعات

٣- حافظوا على الضحى -ولو ركعتين

٤- تواصلوا بينكم، وتواصوا في أرحامكم

٥- انتبهوا من حقوق جيرانكم

٦- استرضوا الله في أمثال هذه الأعمال، التي بها وبالدعاء يُدفع البلاء

٧- أن لا نُخْلي يوماً عن الصدقة، وأن تكون في الصباح الباكر أفضل وأبعد عن البلايا والآفات

، ٨- اشرعوا في مشروع نشر المحبة

، وذلك بأن نبدأ في التحابَّ فيما بيننا

لينتشر في الأمة، ليحول الله قلوبهم بعد التفريق

٩- أن نجدد توبتنا الصادقة

Blessings upon the Prophet ﷺ

WHAT DOES ONE DO WHEN ONE LIVES IN A PLACE AND TIME, LIKE THE ONE WE LIVE IN TODAY, WHERE MURABBIS ARE DIFFICULT TO COME BY?
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Sayyidina al-Imam al-Arif Billah Abdul Rahman bin Mustafa Al-Aydarus – may Allah benefit us by him – says: Indeed the murabbiyyun (guiding teachers) have all but disappeared at the end of times and the seeker does not arrive at ma’rifah (intimate knowledge) of Allah except by sending much salutations upon the Prophet ﷺ. In accumulating one’s (good) deeds; some are accepted and some are rejected except for the salutations sent upon the Prophet ﷺ – all of it is unconditionally accepted as it as an honour for him ﷺ (and not necessarily for the person making the salutation). The scholars of Islam have related meanings similar to this one.

Reminders: On Honouring the Prophet ﷺ

O people who commemorate the birth of the beloved of Allāh ﷺ, remember the greatness of his struggle ﷺ, remember the uprightness of his ijtihad ﷺhe ﷺ has wept so much for your sake, he ﷺ has beseeched his Lord and cried much for your sake. He ﷺ stood for hours in the night till his two feet were swollen.

You are by virtue of him ﷺ, the best of nations to the One (Allāh). So know the greatness of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, connect yourself to the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, exalt the shari’ah of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, make proper performance and application of it in all matters a reality. For a person or a family from amongst yourselves will never succeed or be honoured except by establishing his guidance, his shariah, and his way in themselves.

– Sayyidil Habib Umar bin Hafiz

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 💬 الحبيب عمر بن حفيظ – Habib Omar:
يا أهل الذكرى لمولد حبيب الله: تذكروا عظمةَ جهاده، وتذكروا قويم اجتهاده، فقد بكى لكم كثيرا، وتضرَّع إلى المولى وضجَّ في شأنكم كثيرا، وقام ليلاً طويلاً حتى تورمت قدماه
،فكنتم به خير أمة عند الواحد الأحد، فاعرفوا قدرَ النبي محمد، وارتبطوا بالنبي محمد، وعظِّموا شريعةَ النبي محمد، وقوموا بتحقيق حسن أدائها وتطبيقها على المستويات كلها، فلن ينجح الفرد منكم، ولن تكرم أسرة من أسركم إلا بتقويمِ هديِه وشرعه فيها، وإقامة منهاجه وسننه وإحيائها
————-

Understanding Comprehensive Ittiba’

UNDERSTANDING COMPREHENSIVE ITTIBA’ (FOLLOWING THE SUNNAH) IN OUTWARD AND INWARD ACTS, AND ITS EFFECT UPON THE UMMAH

img-20161209-wa0064Praise be to Allah, the One Who gathered you to face Him, by the guidance of His Beloved, The Chosen One, Muhammad ﷺ, the guidance which encompasses everything which He is pleased with, which He loves from us, which He has legislated for us upon his noble hand ﷺ from amongst the external states and deeds, and internal states and characteristics of the heart; which are beloved to Allah are from the Prophet’s guidance and performing them is sunnah and part of following him.

It is no one’s authority to separate between the outward acts of worship and the inward matters of the heart from love, longing and exaltation. Are these not part of following him? Who says that the outward acts are part of following his example but the inward acts are not? No by Allāh! Rather the inward acts are greater in weight to the Lord and loftier in reward to Allāh.

For loving him ﷺ  is ittiba’ (part of following the sunnah), longing for him ﷺ is ittiba’, exaltation of him ﷺ is ittiba’, praising him ﷺ is ittiba’, sending blessings upon him ﷺ  is ittiba’, gathering for remembrance is ittiba’, recitation of poetry in praising him ﷺ  is ittiba’; so who then wants to separate the acts of ittiba’ from each other? Who then wants to lead others to believe that ittiba’ is merely outward forms of deeds bereft of internal meanings?! We did not find this in any of the lives of the companions nor the tabi’in (the generation of Muslims after the companions) and those who followed them in righteousness… did any of the companions say, “I shall follow you in the commands and prohibitions without having longing nor humility before you nor love for you (O Prophet)?”

– extracted from Sayidil Habīb Umar Bin Hafidz’s speech on 11th Rabi’ul Awwal 1438H, Masjid Āl Al-Bait, Oman. Click on the link below to listen to full speech.


*مفهوم الاتباع الشامل لأعمال الجوارح و القلوب و أثره على الأمة*
📢 محاضرة العلامة الحبيب عمر بن حفيظ في الاحتفال بذكرى المولد النبوي في مسجد آل البيت، في مدينة صلالة، سلطنة عمان، ليلة السبت 11 ربيع أول 1438هـ
الحمد لله جامعكم على الوجهة إليه و على الإقبال عليه بهدي حبيبه المصطفى محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم هديه الشامل بكل ما رضيه الحق جل جلاله و أحبه منا و شرعه لنا على يده الكريمة صلوات ربي وسلامه عليه من أحوال وأعمال الجوارح وأحوال وصفات القلوب كل ما كان محبوبا لله من ذالكم فهو هديه و العمل به سنته و متابعته صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يملك أحد أن يفارق في متابعته عليه الصلاه والسلام بين عمل جارحة من مظهر عبادة من العبادات وبين وصف قلب من حب أو شوق أو تعظيم أليس هذا متابعة؟
من يقول إن عمل الجوارح متابعة و أعمال القلوب ليس متابعة؟ لا والله بل أعمال القلوب أعظم ميزانا عند الرب و أجل أجرًا عند الإله. فالمحبة له اتباع و الشوق إليه اتباع و التعظيم له اتباع  ومدحه تباع و الصلاة عليه اتباع و الاجتماع على مجالس الذكر اتباع و إنشاد شعر في مدحه اتباع، فمن يريد أن يفصل أعمال الاتباع عن بعضها البعض ومن يريد أن يصور أن الإتباع بصور الأعمال وأجسامها وبمظاهرها وبحسها دون معانيها؟ ما وجدنا ذلك في حياة أحد من الصحابة و لا التابعين ولا تابعيهم بإحسان. أي صحابة قال أنا أتبعك في إجراء بعض الأوامر التي أمرت والنواهي التي نهيت ولا أعرف الشوق إليك ولا أعرف التذلل بين يديك ولا أعرف المحبة لك