Biography: Habib Esa bin Abdul Kader bin Ahmad Al-Haddad

Fawaid: Things to Do on Fridays

The following are some of the traditions from the pious predecessors from the Family of Ba’alwi, may Allah be pleased with them all, on the Day of Jumu’ah:12747622_474134166119997_1269165781_n

  1. Persevering in the recitation of Surah as-Sajdah and Surah al-Insan [*1st rakaah and 2nd rakaah after Al-Fatihah respectively] in the obligatory Fajr Prayer on Fridays. It is also known that Imam al-Haddad would vary this by reciting Surah al-‘Ala and Surah al-Ghashiyah [*1st rakaah and 2nd rakaah after Al-Fatihah respectively] in his last days, when he was weak and old.
  2. Visitation of the graves after sunrise on Fridays, as is mentioned by Habib Attas al-Habshi in his book, At-Tazkir al-Mustafa. Imam al-Haddad was also known to visit the blessed graves in Tarim after Asar on Fridays.
  3. They would not hold classes at Dhuha time on Fridays. Imam al-Haddad would admonish those who conduct classes at Dhuha time on Fridays.
  4. To gather early for Solah al-Jumuah as it is his sunnah ﷺ. [* It is also sunnah to perform the ghusl after the entrance of Fajr and to wear white clothing from head to toe; sunnahs extolled by the pious people of Hadramawt till today.]
  5. To distribute water (to the people who come early for Solah al-Jumuah) prior to the commencement of the khutbah except on the first 6 days of Shawwal i.e. on days when people are known to fast.
  6. Specifically for those who travel making da’wah to others [* This was the practice of some of the great da’iys (callers to Allah) of the past, who regularly travel out of their hometowns to call other to Allah]; it is related to us that for the likes of Habib Ahmad bin Zayn al-Habshi and Habib Umar bin Abd ar-Rahman al-Attas, the Solah al-Jumuah was never obligatory for them (due to their status as musafir on Fridays).
  7. It is reported that Imam al-Haddad would pray a four rakaat solah in honouring the masjid with a single salam and he would recite: (i) in the first rakaah – the first half of Surah al-Jumuah and ayah al-Kursi; (ii) in the second rakaah – the second half of Surah al-Jumaah and the last three ayats of Surah al-Baqarah; (iii) in the third rakaah – the first half of Surah al-Munafiqun and ayat al-Kursi; and (iv) in the forth rakaah – the second half of Surah al-Munafiqun and the last three ayats of Surah al-Baqarah.
  8. Reciting the following surahs, recommended in the hadiths of the Prophet ﷺ:
  • Al-Kahf
  • Yasin
  • Dukhan
  • Al-Waqiah
  • Taha
  • Tabaarak i.e. Al-Mulk
  • other surahs known to be recited by the salaf

* The pious predecessors from the Family of Ba’alwi are also known to preoccupy themselves with much salutations upon the Prophet ﷺ on Fridays, generally, and to recite the following formula 80 times at ‘Asar on Fridays, specifically:

 اَلْلَهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍعَبْدِكَ وَرَسُوْلِكَ اْلنَّبِيِّ الْاُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ تَسْلِيْمًا

Transliteration: Allahumma solli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad ‘abdika wa rasulika, an-nabiyyil ummiyy, wa ‘ala alihi wa sohbihi wa sallim taslima

Meaning: O Allah, salutations and eternal peace be upon our Master Muhammad ﷺ, Your Servant and Messenger ﷺ, the Unlettered Prophet ﷺ, and upon his family and companions.

  1. To recite the musabaa’t (7 repetitions of 4 surahs) after Solah al-Jumuah:
  • Al-Fathihah x7
  • Al-Ikhlas x7
  • Al-Falaq x7
  • Al-Nas x7
  • The following doas:

للّٰهُمَّ يَاغَنِيُّ يَاحَمِيْدُ يَامُبْدِئُ يَامُعِيْدُ يَارَحِيْمُ يَاوَدُوْدُ اَغْنِنِي بِحَلاَلِكَ عَنْ حَرَامِكَ وَبِطَاعَتِكَ عَنْ مَعْصِتِكَ وَبِفَضْلِكَ عَمَّنْ سِوَاكَ

Transliteration: Allahumma ya Ghaniy ya Hamid ya Mubdi ya Mu’id ya Rahim ya Wadud, aghniniy bihalalika ‘an haramik wa bi to’atika ‘an ma’siyatik wa bifadhlika ‘am-man siwak

Meaning: O the All-Wealthy, O the Praised, O the Originator of Things, O the One All Will Return To, O the Merciful, O the Gentle One; liberate me with halal provision from the haram ones, with obedience from disobedience, and release me from (relying on) other than You

7x ياكافي يامغني يافتاح يارزاق
Transliteration: Ya Kafi, Ya Mughniy, Ya Fattah, Ya Razzaq
Meaning: O the One Who Suffices, O the Wealthy, O the Opener, O the Provider

100x سبحان الله العظيم وبحمده
Transliteration: SubhanaAllah al-Azimi wa bihamdih
Meaning: Glory be to Allah, the Great, and praise be unto Him

To give precedence to the azkar after solat over the Musabba’at, as was practised by Imam al-Haddad and others.

  1. To perform Solah al-Jenazah Ghaib (the funeral prayer in absentia) as was performed by the people of Tarim, the people at the Ribat of Habib Muhammad al-Haddar, and others from our pious predecessors. * The names of Muslims who have passed on elsewhere recently will be informed to the imam of Solah al-Jumuah at Jami’ Tarim and elsewhere to facilitate the Solah al-Jenazah Ghaib.

O the One who brings goodness to the people of goodness and assists them upon it, bring unto us goodness and assist us upon it. Salutations be upon our Master Muhammad ﷺ, and upon his family and companions. Give us perfection in following him ﷺ outwardly and inwardly. All praise be to Allah.

From the notes of the students of Habib Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Haddar, may Allah be preserve them, annotated by Abdul Wahab Ali Ba’Jamal.

* editor’s annotations


🌴عادات السلف الصالح من ال باعلوي رضي الله عنهم وارضاهم 🌴

    🕒        ⏰       🌇

( عملهم في يوم.الجمعة )

    🕒        ⏰       🌇

 كان من عملهم رضي الله عنهم في يوم الجمعة

   ⬇        👇🏻        ⬇

1🔮المحافظة على قراءة سورة ( السجدة )

و ( الانسان ) في صلاة الفجر من صبح يوم الجمعة

⭕وكان الامام الحداد في آخر وقته لما ضعف وكبر سنه يقرا بسورة ( سبح اسم ربك الاعلى ) و ( الغاشية)

   🕋    📿   📿   🕋

2🔮زيارة ضرائح اهلهم واسلافهم بعد الاشراق من يوم الجمعة ،

كما ذكر ذلك.الحبيب عطاس الحبشي في📕 كتابه التذكير المصطفى

⭕وكان الامام الحداد يزور تربتة بشار بتريم بعد عصر الجمعة

    🕋  📿   📿   🕋

3🔮وكان من عادتهم رضي الله عنهم عدم أقامة الدروس في ضحى يوم الجمعة .

⭕وكان الامام الحداد يعاتب من يقوم بالدروس في يوم ضحى الجمعة

    🕋   📿   📿   🕋

4🔮التبكير إلى صلاة الجمعة في الجوامع كما هي سنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم

    🕋   📿   📿   🕋

5🔮إدارة الماء قبل الخطبة  في الجامع كما هو عمل أهل تريم ، إلا في أول جمعة من شوال لصيام الناس بالست من شوال

    🕋  📿  📿  🕋

6🔮تخصيص يوم الجمعة للخروج لدعوة الى الله ( كما هو عمل رباط الحبيب محمد الهدار )

⭕وينقل عن الحبيب أحمد بن زين الحبشي والحبيب عمر بن عبدالرحمن العطاس انهم لم تجب عليهم الجمعة

قط ،وذلك لخروجهم وسفرهم لدعوة الى الله .

     🕋   📿   📿   🕋

7🔮وكان من عاداهم كما هو عمل الامام الحداد وغيره من السلف صلاة سنة الجمعة اربع ركعات بتحرم

وسلام واحد يقرا في الركعة الاولى

النصف الاول من سورة الجمعة مع ايه الكرسي

والركعة الثانية

النصف الثاني من سورة الجمعة مع الثلاث الايات من آخر سورة البقرة

والركعة الثالثة

النصف الاول من سورة المنافقون مع آية الكرسي

والركعة الرابعة

النصف الثاني من سورة المنافقون مع آوخر سورة الحشر .

    🕋   📿   📿   🕋

8🔮قراءة السور التي وردت بها السنة النبوية

سورة الكهف وياسين والدخان والواقعة وطه وتبارك وغيرها من السورالتي كان يحث السلف

 على قراءتها

    🕋   📿  📿   🕋

9🔮ثم بعد الصلاة قراءة أذكار الصلاة ،ثم المسبعات وهي

الفاتحة سبعا

والاخلاص سبعا

والمعوذتين سبعا

ثم يقول ( اللهم ياغني ياحميد يامبدئ يامعيد يارحيم ياودود أغنني

 بحلالك عن حرامك وبفضلك عمن سواك )ثلاثا

( ياكافي يامغني يافتاح يارزاق ) سبعا

( سبحان الله العظيم وبحمده ) مائة مرة

⭕ويقدم اذكار الصلاة على المسبعات كما هو عمل الامام الحداد وغيره .

      🕋  📿  📿  🕋

10🔮صلاة الغائب بعد صلاة الجمعة كما هو عمل أهل تريم وعمل رباط الحبيب محمد الهدار

وغيرهم من السلف رضي الله عنهم

     🕋  📿   📿  🕋

اللهم يامن وفق أهل الخير للخير واعانهم عليه وفقنا للخير وأعناعليه وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى اله وصحبه ورزقنا كمال المتابعة له ظاهرا وباطنا .والحمد لله رب العالمين

        🌴    🌳   🌲

      🌹والله أعلم 🌹

📝جمع وترتيب: ولدهم محمد عبدالله محمد الهدار

حفظه الله ورعاه

  🌺          🌺        🌺

✒تنسيق :  عبدالوهاب علي باجمال

      📀   💿   📀

Supplications at the End of Gatherings of Sacred Knowledge

The following is the last part of the Habib Abdullah bin Hasayn bin Tohir‘s Hadiyah as-Sadiq, commonly read as a closing supplication at gatherings of sacred knowledge (click to listen recitation):

يَا رَبَّنَــا اعْتَرَفْنَـا بِأَنَّنَـا اقْتَرَفْنَـا

وَأَنَّنَـا أَسْـرَفْنَـا عَلَى لَظَـى أَشْـرَفْنَا

فَتُـبْ عَلَيْنَـا تَوْبَـهْ تَغْـسِلُ كُـلَّ حَوْبَـهْ

وَاسْتُرْ لَنَـا العَـوْرَاتِ وَآمِـنِ الرَّوْعَـاتِ

وَاغْفِـرْ لِوَالِـدِينَا رَبِّ و َ مَوْلُودِينَــا

وَالأَهْـلِ وَالإِخْـوَانِ وَسَــائِرِ الْخِــلاَّنِ

وَكُـلِّ ذِي مَحَبَّـهْ أَوْجِيْــرَةٍ أَوْ صُـحْبَهْ

وَالْمُـسْلِمِينَ أَجْمَـعْ آمِــينَ رَبِّ اِسْمَـعْ

فَضَلاً وَجُـودًا مَنَّـا لا بِاكْتِـسَابٍ مِنَّـا

بِالْمُـصْطَفَى الرَّسُـولِ نَحْظَى بِكُـلِّ سُـولِ

صَلَّى وَسَـلَّمْ رَبِّـى عَلَيْـهِ عَـدَّ الْحَـبِّ

وَآلِـهِ وَالـصَّحْبِ عِدَادَ طَشِّ الـسُّحْبِ

وَالْحَمْـدُ لِلإِلَــهِ فِي البِدْئِ وَالتَنَـاهِي

O Lord, we admit that we have committed sins
And that we have exceeded the bounds
(Such that) we are on the brink of a blazing fire
So turn to us with a repentance
That washes away every wrongdoing
And conceal our faults
And calm our fears
And forgive our parents and our children
And our family, our brothers and all our friends
And all those we love and our neighbours and companions
And all the Muslims
Amin! O Lord, hear our petition!
Out of Your grace, Your generosity and Your favor
Not because of our own actions
Through the Messenger, the Chosen One ﷺ
Bless us with all we ask for
My Lord, bestow peace and blessings upon him ﷺ
To the number of every grain
And upon his Family and Companions
As much as rain falls from the clouds
And all thanks and praise be to Allah
In the beginning and the end

ustaz-yasser-masni-ii

Ustaz Yasser Masni reciting the closing supplication from Hadiyah as-Sadiq @ Masjid Mujahidin, Singapura – listen to recitation here

Lessons in Futuwwah: Part 1

EXTRACTS FROM THE BOOK AL-MIR’AH AL-MAJLUWWAH BI MA’ANI AL-FUTUWWAH, THE POLISHED MIRROR – THE MEANINGS OF CHIVALRY, BY HABIB MUHAMMAD BIN ABDULLAH AL-AYDARUSMuhammad Al-Aydarus

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

This book is given the title Al-Mir’ah Al-Majluwwah Bi Ma’ani Al-Futuwwah,  The Polished Mirror – The Meanings of Chivalry, by our shaykh (teacher) and murabbi (spritual guide) Al-Habib Umar bin Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz ibn Shaykh Abu Bakr bin Salim, may Allah grant him a long life and benefit us by him.

Futuwwah (Chivalry) in Islam

Allah says in the Qur’an:

إِنَّہُمۡ فِتۡيَةٌ ءَامَنُواْ بِرَبِّهِمۡ وَزِدۡنَـٰهُمۡ هُدً۬ى

Meaning: There were fityah (chivalrous young men) who believed in their Lord so we increased them in guidance. [Surah al-Kahf: 13]

Allah attributed futuwwah (chivalry) to these men because of what has stirred in their souls in seeking for the truth; they believed in Allah and rejected false gods – particularly, Dikyanus, the king who presided over their lands at the time of Ashab al-Kahf. When they drew close to Allah by taking the path of futuwwah, He drew closer to them with increase in His guardianship of them. In doing so, He takes them out of zhulumah an-nafsaniyyah (the egoistical darknesses) into nur ar-ruhaniyyah (light of spiritual enlightenment). When their nafs were illuminated by their lights of their spirits, they find solace in the remembrance of Allah and found intimacy in it, and become estranged from love of the Ahl ad-Dunya (people who are pre-occupied with world matters) and whatever is in the Dunya.

The Foundations of Futuwwah

Abu al-Qasim al-Qushari, may Allah be pleased with him, said the following:

أَن يكون العبد أبدا في أمر غيره قال النبي صلى اللَّه عليه وآله وصحبه وسلَّم

Meaning: The foundation of chivalry is that the servant of God always exerts himself in the service of others.

Rasulullah ﷺ says:

لا يزال اللَّه تعالى في حاجة العبد ما دام العبد في حاجة أخيه المسلم

Meaning: Allah will fulfill the needs of the servant for as long as the servant fulfills the needs of his brother. [Muslim]

Futuwwah does not depend on status nor on wealth rather, it is the result of being dignified in one’s work and characteristics. No one has achieved perfection of Futuwwah save for the Prophet ﷺ. On the Day of Judgement everyone will say, “Save me! Save me!” whereas the Prophet ﷺ will say, “Save my ummah (nation)! Save my ummah!”. This is mentioned in the two Sahih books of hadith.

The Definition of Futuwwah

It is said that Futuwwah is:

الفتوّة أداء الإنصاف وترك مطالبة الانتصاف
Meaning: To fulfill one’s liabilities (to others) and to leave (another’s) claims (upon one).

It is mentioned in a narration that:

أشرف الأَعمال ذكر الله عز وجل وإنصاف الخلق من نفسك
Meaning: The most dignified of works are remembrance of Allah, High and Majestic is He, and alleviation of others from your ego.

Others say that Futuwwah is:

أن لا ترى لنفسك فضلا على غيرك
Meaning: That you not see yourself above others.

It is also said that Futuwwah is:

إظهار النعمة وإسرار المحنة
Meaning: Make outcomes known whilst hiding the effort that one puts in to produce it.

الصفح عن عثرات الإخوان
Meaning: Overlooking the shortcomings of one’s brothers.

كَفُّ الأذى وبذلُ الندى
Meaning: Sufficing the oppressor and felicitating the masses.

In summarising all that is mentioned above in defining Futuwwah are the words of ‘Amr bin Uthman al-Makkiy [1], “Futuwwah is excellence of character.”


[1] ‘Amr bin Uthman al-Makkiy, an early sufi and student of the great spritual master, Al-Junayd Al-Baghdadiy


المجلس الأول للفتيان

الحمد لله الذي جعل طريق الفتوّة سميكةَ البُنيان عاليةَ المكان واضحةَ البُرهان نزيهة عن أدران الران فرأسها الأنبياء والمرسلون وخواصها الأولياء والصالحون فهي من بحر النبوّة طافحة ، ولأهل الصديقية والصلاح لائحة ، ولكل من قرع بابها صالحة ، لا يدركها إلا من علت همته، ولا يتركها إلا من بانت خسته

والصلاة والسلام على رأس الفضائل ومقدم الفواضل سيدنا محمد وآله وصحبه الأوائل

أمّا بعدُ

فإنّه لا مزيّة للإنسان إلا بعقله وخلقه، ويظهر كمالهما بحسن معاملته وعشرته ، حتى يؤدي ما عليه على التمام ، ويشرق عليه النور بعد الظلام ، فيعيش على السلام إلى الحِمْام، فيعفو عمن ظلم ويحسن إلى من أجرم ، يرتقب العفو من الرقيب والثواب الجزيل من الحسيب

وهذه رســـالة مختصرة يدور الحديث فيها عن أهم الصفات العلية والكمالات الإنسانية ألا وهي الفتوة التي يدور عليها الشأن في بيان حقيقة الإنسان فالرجاء في الله أن يكتب بها النفع

وقد سماها شيخنا الحبيب العلاّمة الُمربِّي عمر بن محمد بن سالم بن حفيظ بن الشيخ أبي بكر بن سالم أطال الله بقاءه بـ المرآة المجلوّة بمعاني الفتوة

                          الفــــتــوّة

قَالَ اللَّه تَعَالَى: ({إِنَّهُمْ فِتْيَةٌ آمَنُوا بِرَبِّهِمْ وَزِدْنَاهُمْ هُدًى} نسبهم إلى الفتوة لما خاطروا بأرواحهم في طلب الحق وآمنوا بالله وكفروا بطاغوت دقيانوس فلما تقربوا إلى الله بقدم الفتوة تقرب إليهم بمزيد العناية فأخرجهم من ظلمات النفسانية إلى نور الروحانية فلما تنورت أنفسهم بأنوار أرواحهم اطمأنت إلى ذكر الله وآنست به واستوحشت عن محبة أهل الدنيا وما فيها )

 من كتاب

 المرآة المجلوة

بمعاني الفتوة

 محمد بن عبد الله بن علي العيدروس

——————————————-

المجلس الثاني للفتيان

أصل الفتوة

قال  عنها  أبو القاسم  القشيري رحمه الله

 أَن يكون العبد أبدا في أمر غيره قال النبي صلى اللَّه عليه وآله وصحبه وسلَّم : لا يزال اللَّه تعالى في حاجة العبد ما دام العبد في حاجة أخيه –  المسلم

 والفتوة لا تتوقف على الجاه والمال وإنما على شرف الأعمال والخصال . وهذا الخلق لا يكون كماله إلا لرسول اللَّه صلَّى اللَّه عليه وآله وصحبه وسلَّم فإن كل أحد في القيامة يقول: نفسي نفسي وهو صلَّى اللَّه عليه وآله وصحبه وسلَّم يقُول: أمتي أمتي كما في الصحيحين

 تعريف الفتوّة

قيل : الفتوّة أداء الإنصاف وترك مطالبة الانتصاف. فقد روي –  أشرف الأَعمال ذكر الله عز وجل وإنصاف الخلق من نفسك

وقيل   : الفتوّة أن لا ترى لنفسك فضلا على غيرك

وقيل  : الفتوّة إظهار النعمة وإسرار المحنة

 وقيل   : الفتوّة الصفح عن عثرات الإخوان

وقيل لبعضهم  : ما الفتوّة فقال: أن لا يميِّز بين أن يأكل عنده ولي أو كافر

وقال محمَّد بن علي الترمذي رحمه الله : الفتوة أَن تكون خصماً لربك على نفسك

وقال الجنيد رحمه الله    : الفتوّة كَفُّ الأذى وبذلُ الندى

وخلاصة الأقوال في تعريف الفتوّة ما قال عمرو بن عثمان المكي

 الفتوّة حسن الخلق

من كتاب

 المرآة المجلوة

بمعاني الفتوة

محمد بن عبد الله بن علي العيدروس

Hawl Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh bin Abdullah Al-Khatib 2017: “Lessons from the Life of Shaykh Umar”, Tazkirah Habib Murtada bin Tohir

Excerpts from the address of Habib Murtada bin Tohir at the Hawl of Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Abdullah al-Khatib on 29 January 2017:

Introduction

The person we are commemorating is Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Salim al-Khatib. May Allah reward him and preserve his family, and may Allah reward his parents for raising him in a manner most pleasing to Allah. And may the mercy of Allah descend upon us all as it is said:

عند ذكر الصالحين تنزل الرحمة

Allah’s mercy descends at the mention of the solihin (the pious).

Shaykh Umar’s Upbringing20170131_170942

Shaykh Umar (b. 1326H) was born and raised in the blessed city of Tarim, Hadramaut, a city known to cultivate and produce the ulama’ (scholars) of Islam as how trees are cultivated and produced from the planting of seeds in the ground.

Shaykh Umar’s parents were known to be religious and had taken great care to impart to Shaykh Umar and his siblings some of the most important things parents should be imparting to children in their most formative years – Islamic belief and good manners. In his early prepubescent  years, Shaykh Umar was under the personal tutelage of his parents and his uncle.

Thereafter, at the age of 9, Shaykh Umar was sent to memorise the Quran at Qubbah Abu Murayyam, a famous school for Quran memorisation in Tarim, wherein he had memorised the entire Quran in a short span of time. Following that, Shaykh Umar was enrolled in Rubat Tarim, the foremost Islamic studies seminary in Tarim, where he had shown exceptional ability and excelled in his studies, earning him the praise of his teachers and contemporaries.

He mastered the Islamic sciences of fiqh (Islamic law) and nahu (Arabic grammar) at a young age and his counsel in matters of religion was much sought after, even at an early age.

His Knowledge and Good Manners

It is said in some lines of poetry:

ما الفخــــر إلا لأهل العلم إنهم *** على الهدى لمن استهدى أدلاء
There is no pride (in anyone) except for the Ahl al-‘Ilm (People of Knowledge).
Verily, they guide whosoever seeks guidance

وقدر كل امرئ ما كان يحسنه *** والجاهـلون لأهل العـلم أعداء
and apportion to one in accordance to what is good for him.
As for the Jahilun (People of Ignorance); they are the ones who opposed the Ahl al-‘Ilm.

فـفـز بعلم تعش حيـا ً به أبــدا *** الناس موتى وأهل العلم أحياء
So strive in seeking knowledge for one lives on with it eternally,
for everyone dies whilst the Ahl al-‘Ilm live on.

Shaykh Umar held the outward appearance of an Ahl al-‘Ilm but beyond that, Shaykh Umar was also a symbol of tawadhu’ (humility) and husn al-khuluq (good manners). It is known that he fled the qudha’ (being appointed a seat in judiciary) as he did not want to be associated with authority and power (ed. he rejected worldly gains from sacred knowledge).

When we look back at the biographies of the people whose lives we have been commemorating these past few days – Habib Muhammad bin Salim al-Attas, Habib Nuh bin Muhammad al-Habshi, and now Al-Allamah Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Abdullah al-Khatib – we see something in common in all of them; how they honoured others and beauty in the manner they interacted with people. We learn interpretation of the sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ in day to day dealings from their lives. It is well-known that Shaykh Umar mastered the outward fiqh but beyond that, he also mastered the inward fiqh and this was evident from the many anecdotes from Shaykh Umar’s life that have been related to us; people were drawn to him as he interacted with sincerity and love.

His Love for the Ahl Al-Bayt

Shaykh Umar was also known to have immense love for the Ahl al-Bayt (the members of the household of the Prophet ﷺ); his love of the Ahl al-Bayt gained him the love of his Lord and this love increased the blessings that have been bestowed upon Shaykh Umar.

Closing Supplications

We ask Allah to reward Shaykh Umar; place him in Jannah and increase him in blessings, and we ask that Allah gathers us with him in Jannah in the Hereafter. May Allah reward Shaykh Umar’s parents for raising him in a manner most pleasing to Him.

We also ask that Allah preserves the Habaib and Mashyaykh present with us in this blessed gathering.

And we ask Allah to preserve Shaykh Yahya and Shaykh Ali, the sons of Shaykh Umar, and the rest of his children and offspring.

May Allah benefit all of us through him and grant us a portion of his knowledge. Amin.

img-20170130-wa0013

Fawaid: Ratib Al-Fatihah of Imam Al-Haddad after Solah Fardh

ratib-fateha-imam-al-haddad-croppedRatib Al-Fatihah of Imam Al-Haddad after Solah Fardh

The following Ratib Al-Fatihah, composed by Imam Al-Haddad, is one of many versions recited in mosques in Singapore and elsewhere; after the regular wirid (remembrance) and doa (supplications) following the obligatory solah (prayers) before the closing doa:

We recite Surah Al-Fatihah with the hope: that Allah accepts our solah and our doa, that it be (a blessing) for the souls of our parents and yours, that it be (a blessing) upon our wealth and yours, that it be (a reason for forgiveness) upon our deceased (relatives), your deceased relatives, and upon all deceased Muslims generally; may Allah cloak them all with His rahmah (mercy) and maghfirah (forgiveness), and may He place them all in Jannah, and may He give us and give you a good ending (khusnul khotimah) in excellence, gentleness, and wholesome wellness, and upon the hadrah of our Prophet ﷺ… Al-Fatihah (recite Surah Al-Fatihah from start to end).

Habib Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tohir

The Lineage of the Great Imam and ‘Alim

He is al-Imam al-Habib `Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tahir bin Muhammad bin Hashim bin `Abd al-Rahman bin `Abdullah bin `Abd al-Rahman bin Muhammad Maghfun bin `Abd al-Rahman bin Ahmad bin `Alawi bin Ahmad bin `Abd al-Rahman bin `Alawi `Amm al-Faqih (the uncle of Sayyidina al-Faqih al-Muqaddam) bin Muhammad Sahib Mirbat bin `Ali Khali` Qasam bin `Alawi bin Muhammad Sahib al-Sawma`ah bin `Alawi bin `Ubaydullah bin al-Imam al-Muhajir il-Allah Ahmad bin ` Isa bin Muhammad al-Naqib bin `Ali al-`Uraydi bin Ja`far al-Sadiq bin Muhammad al-Baqir bin `Ali Zayn al-`Abidin bin Husayn al-Sibt bin `Ali bin Abi Talib and Fatimah al-Zahra’ the daughter of our Master Muhammad, the Seal of the Prophets ﷺ.

madinah-2

His Birth and Upbringing

Habib `Abdullah was born in Tarim in 1191 [1]. His upbringing was distinct from the rest of his peers and he demonstrated aptitude even in his youth. As he grew up, he stood out in society as an exemplary personality and one who is rightly guided.

His Shaykhs

His teachers include Sayyid Hamid bin `Umar Al-Munfar and his son, Sayyid ‘Abd ar-Rahman and the two people of knowledge – ‘Alawi and ‘Umar, the sons of al-Habib Ahmad bin Hassan al-Haddad.

He travelled to Makkah and al-Madinah to study the religious sciences therein from al-Allamah ‘Aqil bin ‘Umar bin ‘Aqil bin Yahya, as-Sayyid ‘Ali al-Bayti, Shaykh ‘Umar bin ‘Abd ar-Rasul ‘Atar, and al-Allamah Ahmad bin ‘Alawi Jamalullayl.

His Shaykh of Futuh

The teacher was the reasons for receipt of (divine) openings from was Habib `Umar bin Seggaf as-Seggaf.

The People Who Took Knowledge from Him

The people who took knowledge from him are numerous and they include the son of his sister al-Allamah al-Sayyid ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar bin Yahya, al-Allamah as-Sayyid ‘Abd ar-Rahman bin ‘Ali bin ‘Umar bin Seggaf as-Seggaf, al-Allamah as-Sayyid Muhammad bin Husayn bin ‘Abdullah Al-Habshi (Mufti of Makkah), al-Allamah as-Sayyid Muhsin bin ‘Alawi as-Seggaf, al-Allamah as-Sayyid Hamid bin ‘Umar as-Seggaf, ash-Shaykh ‘Abdullah bin Ahmad Ba’sawdan (the compiler of the famous Hadrah Basawdan), as-Shaykh al-Allamah ‘Abdullah bin Sa’id bin Sumair (author of the famous primer in Shafi’ Fiqh, Safinah an-Naja), al-Allamah as-Sayyid ‘Aydarus bin ‘Umar al-Habshi (the great Muhaddith of Hadramawt).

Some of the Things Mentioned about Him

His nephew, al-Sayyid ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar bin Yahya, said, “Gathered within him are the lofty states of all (righteous) people.” [2] Whenever the people of Madinah asked al-Sayyid ‘Abdullah about his uncle, Habib ‘Abdullah, he would say to them, “‘Abdullah bin Husayn (Habib ‘Abdullah) has filled himself with the munjiyaat (good qualities) and has rid himself of the muhlikaat (destructive traits).”

It is mentioned about gatherings with Habib Abdullah, “We do not know that we were still in this Dunya until the Son of Husayn (Habib ‘Abdullah) died.”

Habib ‘Ali Al-Habshi said, “If a katib (writer) writer had been tasked to take down the deeds of the Son of Husayn (Habib ‘Abdullah), he would not be able to do so as there were too many of them to enumerate .”

His daily wird was saying “Lā ilāha ill’Allāh” 25,000 times, “Yā Allāh” 25,000 times, and 25,000 prayers upon the Prophet ﷺ.

In spite of all his great works, he saw himself as a poor, sinful slave in desperate need of the mercy of his Lord and he would say:

يا رَبِّ ما مَعْنا عَمَلْ و كَسْبُنا كُلُهْ زَلَلْ

لَكِنْ لَنا فِيكْ أَمَلْ تُحْيِي العِظَامَ الرَّامَةْ

O Lord, we have no (good) actions and all that we have earned are wrongdoings

But in You we have hope which brings decayed bones to life

ياسميع الدعاء نسألك توبة صحيحة من جميع المعاصي والفعال القبيحة قبل كشف الغطاء بين الملا والفضيحة

O the One Who Hears Du’as (Allah), we ask You for valid tawbah (repentance) from all of disobedience and dreadful works before the veils are lifted between al-Mala and al-Fadhihah i.e. before one’s shame is revealed to others.

His Manners

Habib `Abdullah held immense respect for his older brother, Habib Tahir. In their childhood, he would never allow himself to defeat him in archery contests. He would always walk behind him and, in their house he would not go up to a higher storey if Habib Tahir was below. Only after his brother’s death in 1241, did he start teaching and calling to Allah openly.

His Works

Some of the books he wrote include:

  1. Salim at-Tawfiq fi al-Fiqh
  2. Miftah al-‘Irab
  3. Al-Wasiah al-Kubra
  4. Tazkirah an-Nafs
  5. Tazkirah an-Nafs wa al-Ikhwan bi ayaati minal Quran wa al-Ahadith Sayyid Walad Adnan
  6. Rasail wa Wasoyah
  7. Faraid wa Faraid min Fathu Jamil al-‘Awaid
  8. Diwan al-Manzum 
  9. Al-Majmu’ [3]

Many in Singapore and elsewhere in the South-East Asian region would be familiar with Habib ‘Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tohir poems, Yā Arḥam al-Rāḥimīn [4] and Hadiyat as-Sadiq [5]. The former is Habib ‘Abdullah’s plea to Allah to rectify the Muslims and their leaders, and reflects the turbulent time in which he lived; it is read in many gatherings in the region and can be found in the famous Hadrah Ba’sawdan compiled by his student, ash-Shaykh ‘Abdullah bin Ahmad Ba’sawdan. The latter is often read at the end of gatherings of knowledge.

His Passing

Habib `Abdullah passed on from this world on Wednesday night, 17th of Rabi’ Thani 1272. People came out in large numbers from different cities and villages to attend his funeral whilst chanting “Yā Allāh, Yā Allāh” in congregation. He was buried beside his elder brother, Habib Tohir bin Husayn bin Tohir, in the vicinity of Maselah Al Shaykh.

May Allah have mercy upon Habib ‘Abdullah and benefit us with his knowledge. Amin.


Footnotes:
[1] c. 1777AD
[2] al-Mashra’ ar-Rawi
[3] Habib Alawi bin Shihab used to say, “The Majmu’ of Habib Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tohir is the Ihya Ulumuddin of today.”
[4] Listen to Yā Arḥam al-Rāḥimīn here
[5] Listen to Hadiyat as-Sadiq here and here (1:34mins)


References:
Muwasala.org
– http://alddaei.blogspot.in/