The Degrees of Fasting

The Degrees of Fasting extracted from Habib Muhammad bin Abdullah Al-Aydarus’s Ramadhan compendium, Ramadhan Lessons for the Muhammadan Nation (Ad-Durus ar-Ramadhaniyyah lil-Ummah al-Muhammadiyyah)

Muhammad Al-Aydarus

Imam Al-Ghazali (may Allah be pleased with him) says, “Know that fasting is of three degrees:

  • The Fast of the Masses (Sawm al-Umum)
  • The Fast of the Elite (Sawm al-Khusus)
  • The Fast of the Elect of the Elite (Sawm Khusus al-Khusus)

The Fast of the Masses (Sawm al-Umum) is leave of the stomach and the genitals from fulfilling desires whilst the Fast of the Elite (Sawm al-Khusus) is leave of the hearing, the sight, the tongue, the hands, the feet, and all the different body parts from sin. As for the Fast of the Elect of the Elite (Sawm Khusus al-Khusus), it is the fasting of the heart from worldly concerns and worldly thoughts – leave from everything except Allah, Mighty and Majestic, in completeness.”

It is narrated that al-Hasan al-Basri had passed by a group of people who were laughing merrily and said:

إن الله جعل في شهر رمضان مضمارًا لخلقه يستبقون فيه لطاعته، فسبق قوم ففازوا، وتخلف أقوام فخابوا، فالعجب كل العجب للضاحك اللاعب في اليوم الذي فاز فيه المسابقون وخاب فيه المبطلون


Editor’s note:

The people of Tarim are known to extol Ramadhan by exerting their bodies and hearts in worship of Allah throughout its days and nights – completing the Qur’an recital several times in a single Ramadhan, and constantly occupying themselves in zikr (remembrance), supererogatory solah (the recommended, non-obligatory ritual prayer), and doa (supplications).

Traditionally, the mosques of Tarim hold Tarawih at different times of the night between Isha’ and Subuh. This tradition allows the people of Tarim to perform Tarawih at different mosques within their blessed city each night in Ramadhan. Hence, it is not uncommon to find Tarimis performing 100 rakaats of Tarawih or more every night. May Allah help us emulate the people of Tarim in giving Ramadhan its due, wherever we may be. Amin.

Fawaid: To Do on the Night of Eid

Kanzul NajahExtracts from Shaykh Abdul Hamid bin Muhammad Ali Quds Al-Makkiy Ash-Shaf’iy’s Kanz an-Najah wa as-Surur (Treasures of Success and Felicity)

Rasulullah ﷺ said,

من أحيا ليلتي العيدين أحيا الله قلبه يوم تموت القلوب

Meaning: He who enlivens the two Eids (with ‘ibadah), Allah will enliven his heart on a day when hearts die.

The meaning of “enliven his heart on a day when hearts die” alludes to one’s safety on the Day of Judgement and protection from having a bad end to one’s life (su’ul-khatimah).

Rasulullah ﷺ also said,

من أحيا الليالي الأربع وجبت له الجنة ليلة التروية وليلة عرفة وليلة النحر وليلة الفطر

Meaning: Jannah is obligatory for the one who enlivens four nights – the Night of Tarwiyah, the Night of Arafah, the Night of Eidul-Adha and the Night of Eidul-Fitr.

Amongst the ways one can enliven the night of Eid (other than making Takbir al-Eid and performing Solah an-Nafilah, which are well known in the Deen) is by making lots of zikir.

The following fawaid are mentioned in Kanz an-Najah wa as-Surur:

Faedah #1: Recite 400 counts of the following zikiruAllah between the entrance of Maghrib on the Night of Eid and Solatul-Eid:

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ , لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ , يُحْيِى وَيُمِيتُ  ,وَهُوَ حَىٌّ لاَ يَمُوتُ  ,بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Meaning: There is no God but Allah, He is One and without partner, to Him is the Dominion and all praise, He gives life and brings forth death, He is Ever Living and doesn’t die, between His hands is goodness, He has power over all things

Rasulullah ﷺ said that whosoever recites in each of the two Eids (Eidul-Fitr and Eidul-Adha) 400 counts of “Laa ilaha illaAllah, wahdahu laa sharikalah, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamd, yuhyi wa yumit, wa huwa hayyun laa yamut, bi yadihil-khayr, wa huwa ‘ala kulli sha-in qadir” Allah will wed him with 400 maidens (in Jannah). And it (his rewards) would be as if he had free 400 slaves. And Allah will send angels to build for him cities and plant trees for him up till the Day of Resurrection.

Faedah #2: Recite 300 counts of the following zikiruAllah between the entrance of Maghrib on the Night of Eid and Solatul-Eid:

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

Meaning: Exalted is Allah and praise be to Him

The Doa in Entering Ramadhan of Sayyidil Habib Abu Bakr Al-Masyhur

al-habib-abubakar-al-adni-bin-ali-al-masyhurThe Doa in Entering Ramadhan of Sayyidil Habib Abu Bakr Al-Masyhur
O Allāh! Let the month of Ramadhan appear over us and upon the ummah by your Everlasting Grandeur and Your Favourable Gifts and Your Gentleness and Mercy for each praying and fasting servant. And equip our hearts, spirits and limbs for this pure servitude and do not prevent us O our Master from Your Bounty, Pardon and Mercy because of our wrongdoings and disobedience O Effacer, O Veiler O the Most Merciful of the merciful!

  دعاء دخول رمضان لسيدي الحبيب ابوبكر المشهور حفظه الله

اللهم أهِل شهر رمضان علينا وعلى الأمة بعزك الدائم وعطائك الملائم ،ورافتك ورحمتك لكل عابد قائم صائم ..وهَيِّئ قلوبنا وارواحنا وجوارحنا لهذه العبودية المحضة ولا تحرمنا يا مولانا بفضلك ومغفرتك ورحمتك بذنوبنا وجرائرنا ومعاصينا يا غفار ياستار يا ارحم الراحمين

Sayyidil Habib Umar bin Hafiz’s Ramadhan Reminders

From amongst the reminders of Al-Habib Umar in meeting with Ramadhan:
  1. Recite lots of the following doa (supplication) from our Predecessors in Ramadhan:

    (x3)أشْهَدُ أن لا إلهَ إلا الله أسْتَغْفِرُ الله نسأَلُكَ الجنَّةَ ونَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ النَّار

    (x3) اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّا

    يا كَرِيم

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  2. Recite “Surah al-Fath” (إِنَّا فَتَحْنَا لَكَ فَتْحًا مُّبِينًا) on the first night of Ramadhan
  3. Perfect your siyam (fasting) and your qiyam (supererogatory prayers including Tarawih, Witr etc.) by protecting your limbs from wasteful and sinful acts
  4. Put in effort to make iftar (breaking the fast) with only the halal (permissible)
  5. Take a portion of Ramadhan by reciting al-Qur’an with tadabbur (reflection)
  6. Strive to bring presence to heart (i.e. do not direct yourselves to things unrelated to Ramadhan)

:مما أوصى به الحبيب عمر في هذا اليوم عن شهر رمضان
 ١ الإكثار من قول الدعاء الذي يقوله السلف في رمضان: (أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، أستغفر الله…)الخ
٢ قراءة سورة (الفتح) أول ليلة من رمضان
 ٣ إحسان الصيام والقيام، بكف الجوارح عن اللغو والرفث
٤  التحري على الإفطار على الحلال
 ٥ أخذ النصيب من تدبر القرآن
 ٦ المواظبة على حضور القلب

Wasiat Ramadhan Sayyidil Habib Umar bin Hafiz

Termasuk yang diwasiatkan oleh Al-Habib Umar dalam menyambut dan menghadapi bulan Ramadhan:
  1. Memperbanyakan doa yang sangat ditekankan oleh para salaf di bulan Ramadhan:

    (x3)أشْهَدُ أن لا إلهَ إلا الله أسْتَغْفِرُ الله نسأَلُكَ الجنَّةَ ونَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ النَّار

    (x3) اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّا

    يا كَرِيم

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  2. Membaca “Surah al-Fath” (إِنَّا فَتَحْنَا لَكَ فَتْحًا مُّبِينًا) di malam pertama bulan Ramadhan
  3. Perbaiki siyam (puasa) dan qiyam (Solat Tarawih, Solat Witir dsn) dengan menjaga anggota tubuh daripada melakukan perkara yang sia-sia dan berdosa
  4. Berusaha untuk berbuka dengan hanya makanan yang halal
  5. Mengambil bahagian dari bulan Ramadhan dengan membaca al-Qur’an dengan tadabbur
  6. Berusaha agar hati selalu hadir (tidak menoleh pada selain kepentingan bulan Ramadhan)

:مما أوصى به الحبيب عمر في هذا اليوم عن شهر رمضان
 ١ الإكثار من قول الدعاء الذي يقوله السلف في رمضان: (أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، أستغفر الله…)الخ
٢ قراءة سورة (الفتح) أول ليلة من رمضان
 ٣ إحسان الصيام والقيام، بكف الجوارح عن اللغو والرفث
٤  التحري على الإفطار على الحلال
 ٥ أخذ النصيب من تدبر القرآن
 ٦ المواظبة على حضور القلب

Fawaid: Programming the Heart to Meet Lailah Al-Qadr

facebook_1434426356808The following are Habib Kazim bin Ja’far as-Seggaf’s counsels on preparing for Ramadhan.

Programming the Heart to Meet Lailah Al-Qadr

Al-Habib mentioned 3 preparatory acts – 3 things practiced in 3’s to be exact – which one should do to program one’s heart to meet with and benefit fully from Lailah al-Qadr.

  1. Always make iftar with at least 3 dates. You can make iftar with more than 3 dates e.g. 5, 7, 9 and so on, so long as it is witir i.e. odd BUT if you break your fast with only 1 date, your heart will not be properly programmed to greet Lailah al-Qadr even though 1 is witir.
  2. Always perform at least 3 rakaats of witir in Ramadhan. Similarly, al-Habib mentioned that if you perform only 1 rakaat of witir, your heart will not be properly programmed to greet Lailah al-Qadr even though 1 rakaat satisfies the conditions for Solat al-Witir.
  3. Look at the hilal on the first 3 nights of Ramadhan, preferably after the sunnah ghusl in the nights of Ramadhan, and say to it “Hilal khair wa rushd… Rabbi wa Rabbukallah [O hilal good and guiding, my Lord and you Lord is Allah]” and then make the following doa from Nabi s.a.w on each of the 3 nights even if you do not actually sight the hilal:

اللَّهُمَّ أَهِلَّهُ عَلَيْنَا بِالأَمْنِ وَالإِيمَانِ وَالسَّلاَمَةِ بالإِسْلاَمِ بالتَّوْفِيقِ ومَا تُحِبُّ وَتَرْضَى

Transliteration: Allahum-ma ahil-lahu alaina bil-amani wa-al-iman wa-as-salamati bil-islam bit-tawfiqi wa ma tu-hib-bu wa tardha

Translation: O Allah, manifest al-hilal to us with peace and iman, with safety and Islam and with continued guidance to what You love and You are pleased with.

If one doesn’t do these 3 things and Lailah al-Qadr passes by without him experiencing its blessings, he only has himself to blame.

Advice On Reaping The Full Benefits Of Ramadhan

Al-Habib also gave the following advice on how one can get the FULL benefits of Ramadhan’s blessings:

  1. You should be happy and thankful that Allah sent Ramadhan to you (as a 29 or 30 day guest).
  2. You should honour Ramadhan with lots of ibadat e.g. read the lots of al-Quran, perform the 20 rakaat of Tarawih prayers every night, make lots of zikir etc.
  3. You should avoid arguments at ALL costs, especially in the last 10 days of Ramadhan, and be especially weary of arguments with your spouse for it is from amongst the works of the shaytan that he spoils your potential rewards during Ramadhan by making you argue with your spouse.

Further to the above, Al-Habib also gave a tip on how to maximise the rewards from Tarawih. Al-Habib said that one can make one’s Tarawih fardh by making nazar [1] just prior to making Takbiratul-ihram and get the 70x reward promised for an obligatory act performed in Ramadhan.

Allahu ‘alam.

These counsels have been paraphrased from Habib Kazim’s talk at a private function in Singapore on Monday, 18 July 2011.


[1] IMPORTANT: This team would like to advice caution here as this should only be performed by those who know the rulings and consequences pertaining to nazar.

Ramadhan Intentions by Al-Habīb Abu Bakr Al-‘Adny Bin ‘Ali Al-Masyhur (English-Arabic)

FullSizeRender (2)Ramadhan Intentions by Al-Habīb Abu Bakr Al-‘Adny Bin ‘Ali Al-Masyhur
  • We intend that which the Prophet ﷺ, the righteous predecessors from the noble family of the Prophet ﷺ and illustrious companions intended
  • We intend to fulfill the rights of the fast upon the way which is pleasing to the Divine All-Knowing Sovereign
  • We intend to be steadfast in the (tarāwīh) prayers and to guard our limbs from disobedience and wrongdoing
  • We intend to recite the Quran, do much Divine remembrance, recite prayers and salutations upon the Master of Creation
  • We intent to avoid backbiting, slandering, lying, and things which lead to disobedience
  • We intend to do much charity, to bring relief to widows, the poor and orphans
  • We intend to adhere to the etiquette of Islam perfectly
  • We intend to pray in congregation, on time consistently
  • We intend that which the righteous servants of Allāh intended in the first, middle and final ten days and the Night of Power and all other nights and days
May Allāh send his blessings and salutations upon our Master Muhammad ﷺ and his family and companions – بسرّ الفاتحة

نية رمضان بقلم سيدي الحبيب ابي بكر العدني بن علي المشهور
نوينا مانواه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم والسلف الصالح من ال البيت الكرام والصحابه الاعلام ونوينا القيام بحق الصيام على الوجه الذي يرضي الملك العلام ونوينا المحافظه على القيام وحفظ الجوارح عن المعاصي والاثام ونوينا تلاوة القران وكثرة الذكر والصلاة والسلام على سيد الانام ونوينا تجنب الغيبه والنميمه والكذب واسباب الحرام ونوينا كثرة الصدقات ومواساة الارامل والفقراء والايتام ونوينا كمال الإلتزام بآداب الإسلام والصلاة في الجماعه في اوقاتها بانتظام ونوينا كل نية صالحة نواها عباد الله الصالحين في العشر الاوائل والأواسط والأواخر وليلة القدر في سائر الليالي والأيام وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى اله وصحبه وسلم بسر الفاتحة