What is Tariqah Alawiyah?

Habib-ZaynThe question “What is Tariqah Alawiyyah?” was posed to Al-Habib Ali Zainal Abidin bin Abu Bakar Al-Hamid at Majlis Al-Hadyun Nabawi on 3 June 2015. The following is our translation and paraphrasing of Al-Habib Ali’s answer:

Before answering the question proper, we would have to set out what a tariqah is.  A tariqah is to the science of tasawwuf what a mazhab is to the science of fiqh. It is a wasilah (means) to arrive at Allah’s pleasure in regards to matters of the heart and, just like the mazhabs in fiqh, tariqahs are principled on the Qur’an and the Hadiths of Rasulullah ﷺ.  Imam Junayd Al-Baghdadi further expounds this by saying – if you see someone walking on water or floating in the air whilst his actions are not aligned with the Qur’an and the Sunnah, he is nothing but a liar.  Hence, a true tariqah is represented not by miracles that its leaders and/or adherents perform rather, it is represented by the alignment of their daily actions to the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

There are many turuq (plural for tariqah) and they typically take on the name of their founders – Shadzili, Qadiri and Idrisi, to name a few. It is said that Tariqah Alawiyyah took its name from ‘Alawi bin ‘Ubaydullah bin al-Imam al-Muhajir il-Allah Ahmad bin ‘Isa, a sufi alim from the Hadramawt valley in Yemen.

Tariqah Alawiyyah is built on the following 5 key principles:

  • Ilm (knowledge)
  • Amal (practice)
  • Ikhlas (sincerity)
  • Khauf (reverential fear of Allah)
  • Wara’ (religious scrupulousness)

These are the 5 founding principles of Tariqah Alawiyyah which, in fact, represent the zinatussolihin (adornment of the righteous), core attributes which every pious Muslim should strive to subscribe to.

Editor’s Annotations:

  1. Tariqah Alawiyyah is named after ‘Alawi bin ‘Ubaydullah, the first progeny of Sayyidina al-Muhajir il-Allah Ahmad bin ‘Isa to be born in Hadramawt
  2. Tariqah Alawiyyah is also referred to as Tariqah Ba’alawi or Tariqah Bani Alawi. The five key principles are expounded by Al-Allamah Ad-dai ilaAllah Al-Habib Zayn bin Sumayt in his work, Al-Minhaj As-Sawi Sharhu Usul Thoriiqah As-Saadah Ali Baa ‘Alawi
  3. Sayyidina al-Faqih al-Muqaddam Muhammad bin ‘Ali Ba’alawi, the sixth grandson of ‘Alawi bin ‘Ubaydullah, is widely acknowledged as the one who formally laid down the founding principles of Tariqah Alawiyyah, which continue to upheld by the Ba’alawi masters to this day
  4. Sayyidina al-Faqih al-Muqaddam Muhammad bin ‘Ali Ba’alawi’s full lineage is: Sayyidina al-Faqih al-Muqaddam, al-Ustadh al-‘Azam Muhammad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad Sahib Mirbat bin ‘Ali Khali’ Qasam bin ‘Alawi bin Muhammad Sahib al- Sawma’ah bin ‘Alawi bin ‘Ubaydullah bin al-Imam al-Muhajir il-Allah Ahmad bin ‘Isa bin Muhammad al-Naqib bin ‘Ali al-‘Uraydi bin Ja’far al-Sadiq bin Muhammad al-Baqir bin ‘Ali Zayn al-‘Abidin bin Husayn al- Sibt bin ‘Ali bin Abu Talib and Fatima al-Zahra, the daughter of Rasulullah, our Prophet Muhammad bin Abdullah, the Seal of the Prophets ﷺ

Profile: Habib Ali Zainal Abidin bin Abu Bakar Al-Hamid

Habib Ali Al-Hamid22 April 2015 (4th Rajab 1436H) marked the inaugural session of Habib Ali Zainal Abidin bin Abu Bakar Al-Hamid’s monthly lessons in Singapore and it is only appropriate that Majlis Al-Muwasolah Singapura includes a post covering his profile.

Habib Ali Zainal Abidin bin Abu Bakar Al-Hamid was born on Friday, 12 April 1974, after the Jumaah prayers in the village of Bondowoso, East Java, Indonesia. He is the second of six children. Habib Ali comes from a modest family. His home village has many traditional Islamic scholars and an Islamic seminary. Habib Ali embarked on the journey to seek Islamic knowledge in his home village and elsewhere in Indonesia at a young age.

At the age of 21, with the blessings of his father, Habib Ali furthered his studies in the city of Tarim, Hadramawt, Yemen.  Therein, Al-Habib studied at the feet of scholars including Ad-Dai ilaAllah Al-Allamah Al-Habib Umar bin Hafidz (the Dean and Founder of Dar Al-Mustafa Institute for Islamic Sciences), Ad-Dai ilaAllah Al-Allamah Al-Habib Ali Mashhur bin Hafiz (the chief Mufti of Tarim), Ad-Dai ilaAllah Al-Allamah Al-Habib Salim bin Abdullah Ash-Shatiri (the current Dean of Rubat Tarim), Al-Marhum Al-Habib Hasan bin Abdullah Ash-Shatiri (the former Dean of Rubat Tarim), Al-Habib Abdullah Bin Shihab, Habib Abdul Qadir Jailani Al-Mashhur, Habib Abdullah bin Shaykh Al-Aydarus, Al-Marhum Ash-Shaykh Fadal Ba Fadal (Mufti Tarim), Al-Habib Musa Al-Kazim bin Ja’afar As-Seggaf, Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Husain Al-Khatib, Ash-Shaykh Umar bin Abu Bakar Al-Khatib, Al-Habib Ali bin Abdul Rahman Al-Jufri. Al-Habib Ali is one of the earliest graduates of Dar Al-Mustafa, having enrolled therein soon after its founding by Al-Habib Umar bin Hafiz. Habib Ali, like most of his contemporaries at Dar Al-Mustafa, had received personalised guidance from Sayyidil-Habib Umar and his brother Al-Habib Ali Mashhur whilst in Tarim.

After his time at Dar Al-Mustafa, Al-Habib Ali’s thirst for knowledge brought him to Egypt where he spent 5 years at the famed Al-Azhar University. Besides his studies at university, Al-Habib had also studied at the feet of the likes of Dr. Abdul Badi’ Abu Hashim, Dr. Saad Jawish, Dr. Ali Jum’ah and Dr. Muhammad Jibril. Whilst a student in Egypt, Habib Ali continued his da’wah work by teaching and tutoring students from various countries.

Today, Habib Ali is a major figure in da’wah. He is scholar-in-resident of Majlis Ta’lim Darul Murtadza, Jalsah Ithnayn and other study sessions in Malaysia and of Majlis Al-Hadyun Nabawi in Singapore.

Majlis Al-Muwasolah Singapura wishes Habib Ali success in his dakwah mission and in every other noble mission he embarks on.

Source: http://darulmurtadza.com/habib-ali-zaenal-abidin-al-hamid-3/