The Ethics of Discussion Between Muslim Groups

Habib at MuisThe Ethics of Discussion Between Muslim Groups: The Importance of Referring to the People of Knowledge adapted from the book “Adab Hiwar” (The Ethics of Discussion) by Sayyidil Habib Umar Bin Muhammad Bin Salim Bin Hafiz

Without a doubt, it is a challenge to attain truth and view a particular occurrence through the lenses of sacred knowledge based on the source of information derived from the media which is available today.

And the one who chooses to pursue it (the truth) is like one who is swimming in the deepest depths of the sea.

Man speaks of the sea. Everyone knows of some attributes of the sea but those who explore what lies deep underneath talk of the sea differently; and the conclusions derived by the one who dives deep into a matter is completely different.

And for those who are fearful of plunging into the deepest of the sea should, at the very least, refrain from claiming to have seen and understood in detail the intricacies of each rock and pearl, and claim (to have taken) possession of them with their own hands.

If one has in one’s possession a treasured pearl (obtained through a “diver”), he should, at the very least, admit that this pearl was given to him by the diver and not claim it to be the result of his own effort. The pearl could have been in his possession via his wealth (purchasing power), as a gift from others, or through other means.

Such is the case for the sea of knowledge which includes opinions and methodologies towards understanding the Qur’an and the Hadith. Indeed, Allah has prepared divers to fulfill this very function.

This is mentioned by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in the Qur’an:

وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَى أُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُم

And when there comes to them news of security or fear they spread it abroad; and if they had referred it to the Apostle and to those in authority among them (i.e. the Uulil-Amri), those among them who can search out the knowledge of it would have known it, and were it not for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would have certainly followed the Shaitan save a few (Surah An-Nisa:83)

Should you desire to extract pearls (from the depths of the ocean), then do so for it is not forbidden upon you. However, should you fear, are unable to, or do not have the requisite ability nor skills to dive into the deepest depths of the sea, then let this matter be handled by its experts, and obtain the pearls from them upon their return from their exploration.

أدَبُ الــحِــــوَارِ بَــيْــنَ الــجَــمَــاعَــاتِ وَالــفِــرَقِ الإِسْــلامِــيّــة

للحبيب عمر بن محمد بن حفيظ

الجزء : أهميّــة الرّجــوع إلــى أهــل العلــم

مِن غير شك أنه من الصّعب أن تَرد أمثال هذه الحقائق وتُبصَر بالقوى الإعلامية الموجودة اليوم عندنا، ومثال الغوص عليها كمَن يغوص في البحر.. الناس يتكلمون عن البحر، والكلّ يعرف بعض خصائص البحر ، لكن الغَوص فيه والدخول فيه شأنُه آخر، والتحصيل من هذا الغوص شأنه يختلف تماماً

والذي يتهيَّب دخول البحر عليه أقل شيء أن لا يدَّعي احتواءه على الجواهر، ومُلكَه لها وأخذَها بيده ؛ فإن وُجدت عنده جوهرة فَعَليه أقلّ شيء أن يعترف أنها جاءت على يَد غوَّاص ، وليست على يده هو، إنما توصَّل إليها بوسيلة من ماله أو من هبةِ ذاك له أو غير ذلك، كذلك شأن بحور الأفكار والعلوم والاهتداء إلى حقائق الدّلالات في الكتاب والسنة ، أقام الله عليها غوَّاصين، قال تعالى: ﴿ وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَى أُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُمْ ﴾  [النساء:83]

فإذا أخرجوا الجواهر فخُذْها فليست محرّمةً عليك، وإن أنت جبُنت أو عَجِزت، وليست عندك الإمكانيّة والقدرة على أن تغوص في البحر فسلِّم للغوّاص واستلم الجوهرة منه حين يأتي لك بها بعد غوصه

Habib Abu Bakr Al-Masyhur’s Address at the Hawl of Imam Al-Haddad, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Habib Abu Bakr (crop-small)Extracts from the lecture of Habib Abu Bakr Al-Adni bin Ali Al-Masyhur at the Annual Gathering of Remembrance of Imam Abdullah bin Alawi Al-Haddad held in 2015 at Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Mosque in Shah Alam

Habib Abu Bakr began by praising Allah, and sending blessings and peace upon The Messenger ﷺ, his family and companions, and Imam Abdullah the son of Alawi Al-Haddad.

He said, “We are present on a beautiful, majestic night that puts forth to us the beauties of humanity and the universe, the virtues of peace, the symbols of tranquility, and the exemplary characters of those who thread the path of The Messenger ﷺ.

There are scholars in every era whom we can learn from… so why do we celebrate scholars who have passed on centuries ago?

Objectives of Annual Gatherings of Remembrance (Hawl)

It is to remind us of great people who had left us, like Imam Al-Haddad, so that we may take after them – in educating our children, our women, and our community peacefully, with the best of etiquette.

There are two key objectives of attending this Hawl:

  1. To take blessings from those near to Allah. To seek knowledge from the chosen friends of Allah and from the pious. Allah sends his mercy upon those in remembrance of  pious people; and
  2. To introduce prominent people from the previous generations to the people of today so the young men and women of this generation will have a strong link to the ways of the pious people of Hadramawt: its culture; its spirituality (tasawwuf) and the methodology (manhaj) of Ash-Sha’irah (in the science of aqidah).

We face formidable challenges which threaten the integrity of the people who profess iman and they need to be reminded of such examples in this era of constant change. We need to remember the exemplary characters of people who are determined to keep to their promise to Allah. We must study their history, how they managed their time, their litanies, and so forth so that we become renewed in our understanding towards honourable people like Imam Al-Haddad.

Imam Al-Haddad and His Da’wah

Imam Al-Haddad was a descendant of The Messenger ﷺ. He possessed secret knowledge of Allah and renewed the calling of our Prophet ﷺ, with had a sound chain of transmission in calling the people to Allah (sanad of da’wah) back to his grandfather, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. His ancestor, Imam Ahmad bin Isa Al-Muhajir ilaAllah had migrated from Iraq to Hadramawt, bringing with him the message (risalah) of peace to the region. Another of his ancestors, Ali Al-Uraidhi, had also been a reviver of this message of peace in the blessed city of Madinah and had studied with Imam Ali Zainal Abidin who had inherited this knowledge from Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussein, and other companions of The Messenger ﷺ. This chain is found in verses of poetry (i.e. poetry praising past scholars) recited earlier and speaks of the origins of his teachings and his teachers, Imam Ali Zainal Abidin, Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir, and others. It is an unbroken chain of transmission. Imam al-Haddad himself said, “I learned from my teachers who were given guidance and were always hand in hand with Al-Quran.”

Key Principles in the Teachings of Imam Al-Haddad

The 5 key principles of the spiritual teachings of Imam Al-Haddad are:

  • Knowledge (ilm)
  • Practice (amal)
  • Sincerity (ikhlas)
  • Reverential fear of Allah (khauf)
  • Scrupulousness (wara’)

I call upon all present to diligently read the books of Imam Al-Haddad. His teachings teach us to guard our tongues, to not slander others, and to avoid being involved in defamation which may lead to bloodshed. His lifestyle is preserved through his books, other recorded works, and his poetry – symbolic of the message of peace he stands for. Therefore, it is not surprising that people call Imam Al-Haddad the renewer (mujaddid) of the religion of the 13th century (hijriyyah). Further to this, be firm upon the recitation of the prophetic litanies compiled by Imam Al-Haddad, the Subtle Invocations (Wiridul Latif), and make it a daily practice. The legacies of Imam Al-Haddad are well suited to the fulfillment of the rights of Allah and mankind alike till this very day.

The School of Hadramawt

The path of Imam Al-Haddad, The School of Hadramaut or The Methodology of Bani Alawi, benefits humanity. It is an inherited path that brings peace in every situation. We need to understand this in this era of tribulations. Is the calling a call for fighting or hostility amongst each other? Or is it a call to overthrow the government of a country? Imam Al-Haddad’s writings reflects peace and beauty, and has shaped (the Islam practiced in) countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, Africa and Sri Lanka. The teachings of Hadrami scholars encompasses the concepts of peace and compassion. In facing the tribulations of the end of times, avoid being involved with people who bring defamation, bloodshed and falsehood. Rather, be with the people of truth in the cause of Allah – people who teach us the meaning of tranquility and peace. Refer to its key concepts (qawaid) in resolving economic, faith (iman), social, and other conflicts. When faced with conflicts – remember and fear Allah. We were never taught to bear weapons nor to kill each other. It is obligatory upon us to review and reflect deeply upon the teachings of Imam Al-Haddad. The concept of Imam Al-Haddad’s teachings is based on the fundamentals of compassion and is not about animosity or killing.

Habib Abu Bakr’s Parting Word

I wish to extend in this mosque, in our assembly, the single most important task we have – to reconcile humanity and to band the people towards Allah.

In the age of social media, what is being taught in schools today violates decorum manners (adab). The media delivers messages with a propaganda to steer lives, resulting in confusion amongst the young men and women of this era of tribulations. Much of the information found in social media contradicts adab so reflect on yourselves and seek to review information with and acquire knowledge from a teacher with a sound chain of transmission. Seeking and acquiring knowledge in a proper manner from scholars with a sound chain of transmission develops our relationship with Allah, and purifies our hearts and souls, and will result in being educated with goodness.”

Watch event (Habib’s speech begins at 1:08h):

Profile: Habib Ali Bakr

11156255_1595012820737578_3026086907059502411_nHabib Ali bin Abu Bakr ibn Shaykh Abu Bakr bin Salim, better known as Habib Ali Bakr, was born on 7 March 1963 in the blessed land of Hadramawt. Habib Ali Bakr had sought Sacred Knowledge in many places, including Inaat, Tarim, Seiyun, Baidoh, Shihr and Jeddah, from the foremost scholars of our time. His teachers include: the great scholar and Chief Mufti of Tarim, Al-Habib Ali Masyhur bin Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz (the elder brother of Habib Umar bin Hafiz); Ad-Da’I ilaAllah Al-Habib Umar bin Hafiz; Al-Habib Umar bin Alawi Al-Kaff; Qutb az-Zaman Al-Habib Abdul Qadir bin Ahmad Al-Seggaf, Al-Habib Ali bin Hasan bin Ismail Al-Hamid; Al-Habib Hassan bin Abdullah Ash-Shatiriy and his brother, Sultan al-Ulama’ Al-Habib Salim bin Abdullah Ash-Shatiriy; Al-Mufakkir Al-Habib Abu Bakr Al-Adniy bin Ali Al-Masyhur; Ash-Shaykh Abdul Qawiy Ba’Fadhal, Al-Mufti Ash-Shaykh Fadhl bin Abdul Rahman BaFadhal; Ash-Shaykh Muhammad bin Ali Al-Khatib; and other esteemed scholars.

Habib Ali Bakr currently serves the ummah, amongst other things, as Head of Majlis Al-Muwasolah Bayna Ulama’, and Principle of Ma’had Al-Yusra, Tarim, Hadramawt, Yemen, an institution specialising in teaching the Noble Qur’an, the Islamic Sciences, and the Arabic Language.

Habib Ali Bakr also travels extensively within the Arab world to: Saudi Arabia; Oman; Egypt; and Syria, and East Asia to: Singapore; Malaysia; Indonesia; Brunei; Thailand; China and Hong Kong calling the people of these lands to Allah, promoting unity amongst Muslims, and spreading goodness in each of these lands.

Majlis Al-Muwasolah wishes Habib Ali Bakr success in his da’wah efforts.

Fawaid: Supplication for Proximity to the Messenger ﷺ

Fawaid: Gaining a Vision of the Prophet ﷺ

Habib Ali Al-JifriFrom the fawaid of Habib Ali Al-Jifri in gaining a vision of the Prophet ﷺ:

  1. Making much of salutations upon him [1] ﷺ
  2. Connecting with his ﷺ presence [2]
  3. Greatly honouring (and practising) his ﷺ sunnahs
  4. Performing service to his ﷺ ummah


[1] The shuyukh recommend reciting at least 300 salutations upon the Prophet ﷺ everyday.

[2] To connect with his presence ﷺ, Habib Ali recommends reading the books of Sirah i.e. Prophet’s Biographies ﷺ, the books of Shama’il i.e. the books describing the physical form of the Prophet ﷺ, and the books of the Khoso-is i.e. the books describing the special, distinguishing features of the Prophet ﷺ.

Fawaid: The Salutation of Fatherly, Prophetic Tenderness

Fawaid: Salutations in Rabi’ul Awwal by Habib Abdullah bin Muhsin Al-Attas Bogor

IMG_20151213_212528Al-Habib Hussein bin Umar Al-Haddad encourages recitation of 400 repetitions the following formula of salutations upon the Prophet ﷺ in a single gathering whilst facing the Qiblah:

اللّهمّ صَلِّ عَلى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمّدٍ وَعَلى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّم ، وَأذْهِبْ حُزْنَ قَلْبِي فِي الدُنيَا واﻵخِرَةِ


Meaning: O Allah, send blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad ﷺ, his family, and his companions, and remove the sadness of my heart in this World and the Hereafter.

We were granted permission in this great fawaid by Habib Hussein bin Umar Al-Haddad, who received it from his father, Habib Umar Al-Haddad, who received it from Habib Abdullah bin Muhsin Al-Attas, Sohib Bogor, Indonesia.